The geography of ancient Rome was very beneficial, and it helped with its growth and development. Three major geographical features were fertile soil, mountains, and the sea. In my opinion, fertile soil contributed the most to the development of Rome. The fertile soil provided a chance for there to be farming, and you need food to live, so that makes fertile soil very important to Rome. Also, once you get lots of fertile soil, you can get a surplus of food, which benefits the population growth. Rome could also trade their food for other things, which helped them become the central trading location and have them grow as a city. All of these things are very important for a growing city, so that is why I think fertile soil was the most beneficial part of the geography of Rome.
I think that mountains would be the second most important thing to Rome's development. They provided a natural barrier and protection from invaders, and because they took so long to navigate, that allowed there to be time for Rome to grow as a city. This caused it to expand and become very strong and overall, undefeated. Although the mountains created great protection, that isn't as important as having a necessary material, such as food, so that is why mountains are the second most important thing to the development of Rome.
I believe that out of fertile food, mountains, and the sea, the sea would have to be the third most important to Rome's development. The sea didn't play as big of a role in Rome because it wasn't very close to it. It did protect from naval attacks, and it also allowed trade and travel over sea. This improved the growth of Rome. But trade and travel in the sea wasn't very popular in Rome because they had a lack of ports, so anything related to the sea was not common, but they still possibly could. Since Rome didn't have a ton to do with things related to the sea, I would rank it as third most important to Rome's development.
I'm Athena and I'm 12 years old and in 7th grade. I love dancing and playing piano.